Longevities

Longevities of southern African birds

Longevities of birds are fascinating! The data is usually obtained from long term ringing studies.

Extracting longevity records from SAFRING’s database requires some work. One needs to check each maximum record for errors, and also that the record is not “ring only found” – when only a ring is found without a carcass, the bird may have died many years previously.

The table below shows published longevities based on the SAFRING database. Some records from Roberts 7 are included but not finally checked (ie. some records may refer to captive birds, or to records from Europe) – in time the Roberts 7 records will be presented in a more consistent way.

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Thick-billed Weaver
Thick-billed Weaver – oldest passerine in the SAFRING database

Table 1. Longevities of southern African birds

Species number from SAFRING; names from Roberts 7; y (years) m (months) d (days); references used are given below table.

Updates:
Weaver longevities
Ibises and spoonbills, 2 Dec 2019
Cape Weaver, 13 Jan 2020
Longevities of shrikes, bush-shrikes and helmet-shrikes, 31 Jan 2020
Longevities of Cossypha robin-chats, 21 Feb 2020
Longevities of sunbirds and sugarbirds, 16 Mar 2020
Longevities of cranes, 16 May 2020
Longevities of kingfisher, 24 May 2020

 Spno  Species  Years  Longevity (ymd)
  1  Common Ostrich  Struthio camelus  42  37–42 yr
  2  African Penguin  Spheniscus demersus  27
  7  Wandering Albatross (pre-split)  Diomedea exulans  42  41y 4m 26d
  8  Black-browed Albatross  Thalassarche melanophris  36
  9  Grey-headed Albatross  Thalassarche chrysostoma  29
  10  Yellow-nosed Albatross (pre-split)  Diomedea chlororhynchos  37
  11  Shy Albatross (pre-split)  Diomedia cauta  29
  13  Southern Giant-Petrel  Macronectes giganteus  40
  14  Pintado Petrel  Daption capense  27
  15  Southern Fulmar  Fulmarus glacialoides  27
  16  Great-winged Petrel  Pterodroma macroptera  18
  26  Cory’s Shearwater  Calonectris diomedea  31
  29  Sooty Shearwater  Puffinus griseus  34
  30  European Storm-Petrel  Hydrobates pelagicus  33  33y 9m
  31  Leach’s Storm-Petrel  Oceanodroma leucorhoa  36
  39  Red-tailed Tropicbird  Phaethon rubricauda  17
  42  Great White Pelican  Pelecanus onocrotalus  43  c 43y
  43  Australian Gannet  Morus serrator  29
  47  White-breasted Cormorant  Phalacrocorax carbo  21  21 y 9 m 19 d
  49  Bank Cormorant  Phalacrocorax neglectus  16  16y 1m
  50  Reed Cormorant  Phalacrocorax africanus  17
  51  Crowned Cormorant  Phalacrocorax coronatus  12
  52  African Darter  Anhinga rufa  12
  53  Greater Frigatebird  Fregata minor  38
  54  Grey Heron  Ardea cinerea  12   12y 7m 13d ±15
  55  Black-headed Heron  Ardea melanocephala  21   21y 2m 19d
  56  Goliath Heron  Ardea goliath  4   4y 7m 8d
  57  Purple Heron  Ardea purpurea  23
  58  Great Egret  Egretta alba  1   1y 8m 14d ±15
  59  Little Egret  Egretta garzetta  9   9y 10m 24d
  60  Yellow-billed Egret  Egretta intermedia  9  9y 11m 11d
  61  Cattle Egret  Bubulcus ibis  23   23y 4m 2d ±3
  62  Squacco Heron  Ardeola ralloides  1   1y 0m 21d
  63  Green-backed Heron  Butorides striata  12   12y 6m 12d
  64  Black Heron  Egretta ardesiaca  0   0y 2m 30d
  66  Dwarf Bittern  Ixobrychus sturmii  0  –
  67  Little Bittern  Ixobrychus minutus  6   6y 9m 6d
  69  Black-crowned Night-Heron  Nycticorax nycticorax  10   10y 9 m 5 d ±15
  70  White-backed Night-Heron  Gorsachius leuconotus  0  –
  71  Eurasian Bittern  Botaurus stellaris  0  –
  72  Hamerkop  Scopus umbretta  20
  73  Marabou Stork  Leptoptilos crumeniferus  7   7y 10m 23d ±15
  74  African Openbill  Anastomus lamelligerus  0   0y 5m 16d
  75  Saddle-billed Stork  Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis  0  –
  76  Yellow-billed Stork  Mycteria ibis  0  –
  78  Abdim’s Stork  Ciconia abdimii  9   9y 1m 1d
  79  Black Stork  Ciconia nigra  2   2y 11m 18d ±15
  80  White Stork  Ciconia ciconia  25   25y 3m 14d
  81  African Sacred Ibis  Threskiornis aethiopicus  21   21 1m 6d
  82  Southern Bald Ibis  Geronticus calvus  5   5y 5m 4d ±15
  83  Glossy Ibis  Plegadis falcinellus  16   16y 4m 3d
  84  Hadeda Ibis  Bostrychia hagedash  10   10y 4m 21d
  85  African Spoonbill  Platalea alba  14   14y 0m 28d
  86  Greater Flamingo  Phoenicopterus ruber  30
  87  Lesser Flamingo  Phoenicopterus minor  40  40y 8m
  88  Spur-winged Goose  Plectropterus gambensis  7  7 yr 9 mo
  89  Egyptian Goose  Alopochen aegyptiacus  15  15 yr 10 mo
  90  South African Shelduck  Tadorna cana  13  13 yr 11 mo
  91  Comb Duck  Sarkidiornis melanotos  21  21y 6m
  92  African Pygmy-Goose  Nettapus auritus  10
  94  Cape Shoveler  Anas smithii  11
  96  Yellow-billed Duck  Anas undulata  29  29y 1m
  97  Red-billed Teal  Anas erythrorhyncha  15  15y 2m
  98  Cape Teal  Anas capensis  10  10y 10m
  100  White-faced Duck  Dendrocygna viduata  8  8 yr 0 mo
  102  Southern Pochard  Netta erythrophthalma  6  6y 8m
  104  White-backed Duck  Thalassornis leuconotus  8  8 yr in capt
  105  Secretarybird  Sagittarius serpentarius  3  3y 4m
  106  Cape Vulture  Gyps coprotheres  31.2
  107  White-backed Vulture  Gyps africanus  19.1
  108  Lappet-faced Vulture  Torgos tracheliotus  23.9
  109  White-headed Vulture  Trigonoceps occipitalis  5.7
  110  Hooded Vulture  Necrosyrtes monachus  21.3
  111  Egyptian Vulture  Neophron percnopterus  0
  112  Palm-nut Vulture  Gypohierax angolensis  0
  113  Peregrine Falcon  Falco peregrinus  12
  114  Lanner Falcon  Falco biarmicus  17
  117  Red-necked Falcon  Falco chicquera  3
  122  Greater Kestrel  Falco rupicoloides  11  11y 10m
  123  Rock Kestrel  Falco rupicolus  8
  128  Black Kite  Milvus migrans  20  20-23 capt
  130  Black-shouldered Kite  Elanus caeruleus  10
  132  European Honey-Buzzard  Pernis apivorus  29
  137  Wahlberg’s Eagle  Aquila wahlbergi  14
  138  Long-crested Eagle  Lophaetus occipitalis  13
  141  African Hawk-Eagle  Aquila spilogaster  12
  142  Martial Eagle  Polemaetus bellicosus  22
  144  Lizard Buzzard  Kaupifalco monogrammicus  10
  145  Brown Snake-Eagle  Circaetus cinereus  7
  146  Black-chested Snake-Eagle  Circaetus pectoralis  14
  149  African Fish-Eagle  Haliaeetus vocifer  24
  150  Bearded Vulture  Gypaetus barbatus  10.7
  151  Bateleur  Terathopius ecaudatus  27
  152  Jackal Buzzard  Buteo rufofuscus  25
  153  Augur Buzzard  Buteo augur  9
  154  Steppe Buzzard  Buteo vulpinus  12
  155  Forest Buzzard  Buteo trizonatus  10
  158  Little Sparrowhawk  Accipiter minullus  4  4y 6m
  159  Black Sparrowhawk  Accipiter melanoleucus  12
  160  African Goshawk  Accipiter tachiro  8
  161  Shikra  Accipiter badius  4  4y 3m
  165  Southern Pale Chanting Goshawk  Melierax canorus  24  24y 7m
  171  African Harrier-Hawk  Polyboroides typus  8
  172  Osprey  Pandion haliaetus  25
  180  Wedge-tailed Shearwater  Puffinus pacificus  29
  189  Common Quail  Coturnix coturnix  8  8 yr
  192  Helmeted Guineafowl  Numida meleagris  8
  196  Kurrichane Buttonquail  Turnix sylvaticus  9  9 capt
  197  African Rail  Rallus caerulescens  4  4y 7m
  200  Striped Crake  Aenigmatolimnas marginalis  8  8y 11m capt
  203  Black Crake  Amaurornis flavirostris  3  3y 11m
  205  Red-chested Flufftail  Sarothrura rufa  8  8y 3m capt
  206  Buff-spotted Flufftail  Sarothrura elegans  3
  208  African Purple Swamphen  Porphyrio madagascariensis  2  2y 4m
  210  Common Moorhen  Gallinula chloropus  18  18y 7m
  212  Red-knobbed Coot  Fulica cristata  23  23y 9m
  214  Grey Crowned Crane  Balearica regulorum  7  7y 0m
  215  Wattled Crane  Bugeranus carunculatus  10  10y 9m
  216  Blue Crane  Anthropoides paradiseus  12  12y 10m
  217  Kori Bustard  Ardeotis kori  26  26 capt
  228  African Jacana  Actophilornis africanus  6  6y 10m
  231  African Black Oystercatcher  Haematopus moquini  29
  232  Ruddy Turnstone  Arenaria interpres  19  19y 8m
  233  Common Ringed Plover  Charadrius hiaticula  19  19y 11m
  235  White-fronted Plover  Charadrius marginatus  11  11y 9m
  236  Chestnut-banded Plover  Charadrius pallidus  11  11y 6m
  237  Kittlitz’s Plover  Charadrius pecuarius  10  10y 9m
  238  Three-banded Plover  Charadrius tricollaris  11.5
  241  Grey Plover  Pluvialis squatarola  20
  242  Crowned Lapwing  Vanellus coronatus  15  15 y 1 d
  245  Blacksmith Lapwing  Vanellus armatus  14.5
  247  African Wattled Lapwing  Vanellus senegallus  21  21y 7m 14d
  248  Long-toed Lapwing  Vanellus crassirostris  16  16y 8m 3d
  250  African Snipe  Gallinago nigripennis  6
  251  Curlew Sandpiper  Calidris ferruginea  19
  253  Little Stint  Calidris minuta  12
  255  Sanderling  Calidris alba  13  13y 1m
  256  Ruff  Philomachus pugnax  13  13y 11m
  257  Terek Sandpiper  Xenus cinereus  16  16y 10m
  258  Common Sandpiper  Actitis hypoleucos  14  14y 6m
  259  Green Sandpiper  Tringa ochropus  11  11y 6m
  261  Common Redshank  Tringa totanus  20  20y 4 m
  262  Marsh Sandpiper  Tringa stagnatilis  7  7y 1m
  263  Common Greenshank  Tringa nebularia  25  25y 5m
  264  Wood Sandpiper  Tringa glareola  11  11y 7m
  265  Black-tailed Godwit  Limosa limosa  18  18y 9m
  266  Bar-tailed Godwit  Limosa lapponica  31  31y 4m
  268  Common Whimbrel  Numenius phaeopus  12
  269  Pied Avocet  Recurvirostra avosetta  24  24y 6m
  270  Black-winged Stilt  Himantopus himantopus  12  12y 2m
  274  Water Thick-knee  Burhinus vermiculatus  19
  275  Spotted Thick-knee  Burhinus capensis  31  31-32 capt, ref Day 1988
  284  Parasitic Jaeger  Stercorarius parasiticus  25  25y 11m
  286  Subantarctic Skua  Catharacta antarctica  11
  287  Kelp Gull  Larus dominicanus  24  24y 2m
  288  Grey-headed Gull  Larus cirrocephalus  15  15y 4m
  289  Hartlaub’s Gull  Larus hartlaubii  27  27y 6m 8d
  290  Caspian Tern  Sterna caspia  30
  291  Common Tern  Sterna hirundo  33
  292  Antarctic Tern  Sterna vittata  19  19y 6m
  293  Roseate Tern  Sterna dougallii  25.6
  294  Arctic Tern  Sterna paradisaea  34
  296  Sandwich Tern  Sterna sandvicensis  30  30y 9m
  298  Swift Tern  Sterna bergii  26  26y 6m
  299  Little Tern  Sterna albifrons  23  23y 11m
  300  Damara Tern  Sterna balaenarum  8  8y 11m
  303  Brown Noddy  Anous stolidus  0
  310  Double-banded Sandgrouse  Pterocles bicinctus  3
  311  Speckled Pigeon  Columba guinea  10
  314  Red-eyed Dove  Streptopelia semitorquata  6  6y 9m
  315  African Mourning Dove  Streptopelia decipiens  10
  316  Cape Turtle-Dove  Streptopelia capicola  34  34y 7m
  317  Laughing Dove  Streptopelia senegalensis  18
  319  Tambourine Dove  Turtur tympanistria  5.5
  320  Blue-spotted Wood-Dove  Turtur afer  12.5
  321  Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove  Turtur chalcospilos  9.5
  326  Cape Parrot (pre-split)  Poicephalus robustus1  35
  339  Grey Go-away-bird  Corythaixoides concolor  9  9 capt
  352  Diderick Cuckoo  Chrysococcyx caprius  6
  369  Verreaux’s Eagle-Owl  Bubo lacteus  15  15 capt
  371  European Nightjar  Caprimulgus europaeus  11  11y 11m
  373  Fiery-necked Nightjar  Caprimulgus pectoralis  10
  374  Freckled Nightjar  Caprimulgus tristigma  6
  376  Square-tailed Nightjar  Caprimulgus fossii  9.5
  378  Common Swift  Apus apus  21
  383  White-rumped Swift  Apus caffer  10
  384  Horus Swift  Apus horus  13
  385  Little Swift  Apus affinis  8  8y 1m
  386  Alpine Swift  Tachymarptis melba  26
  387  African Palm-Swift  Cypsiurus parvus  2  2y 6.5m
  390  Speckled Mousebird  Colius striatus  12  12y 4m capt
  391  White-backed Mousebird  Colius colius  7  7y 7m capt
  392  Red-faced Mousebird  Urocolius indicus  12  12y 5m capt
  394  Pied Kingfisher  Ceryle rudis  5  5y 10m
  395  Giant Kingfisher  Megaceryle maximus  8 8y 0m
  396  Half-collared Kingfisher  Alcedo semitorquata  4 4y 0m
  397  Malachite Kingfisher  Alcedo cristata  6 6y 5m
  398  African Pygmy-Kingfisher  Ispidina picta  3 3y 10m
  399  Woodland Kingfisher  Halcyon senegalensis  9 9y 10m
  400  Mangrove Kingfisher  Halcyon senegaloides  0
  401  Grey-headed Kingfisher  Halcyon leucocephala  4 4y 11m
  402  Brown-hooded Kingfisher  Halcyon albiventris  8 8y 10m
  403  Striped Kingfisher  Halcyon chelicuti  3 3y 6m
  409  White-fronted Bee-eater  Merops bullockoides  6
  410  Little Bee-eater  Merops pusillus  7
  413  Lilac-breasted Roller  Coracias caudatus  4  4y 3m 8d
  415  Purple Roller  Coracias naevius  3  3y 6m 4d
  454  African Broadbill  Smithornis capensis  8  8y 2m 2d
  458  Rufous-naped Lark  Mirafra africana  2  2y 3m 10d
  459  Fawn-coloured Lark  Calendulauda africanoides  0  0y 1m 27d
  460  Sabota Lark  Calendulauda sabota  7  7y 5m 6d
  463  Large-billed Lark  Galerida magnirostris  0  0y 1m 22d
  465  Short-clawed Lark  Certhilauda chuana  14  14+
  474  Spike-heeled Lark  Chersomanes albofasciata  5  5y 6m 14d
  480  Dune Lark  Calendulauda erythrochlamys  11  11y 2m 29d
  483  Gray’s Lark  Ammomanopsis grayi  0  0y 1m 12d
  484  Chestnut-backed Sparrowlark  Eremopterix leucotis  4  4y 8m 23d
  485  Grey-backed Sparrowlark  Eremopterix verticalis  0  0y 0m 2d
  488  Red-capped Lark  Calandrella cinerea  3  3y 10m 5d
  490  Pink-billed Lark  Spizocorys conirostris  4  4y 11m 7d
  492  Stark’s Lark  Spizocorys starki  1  1y 11m 11d
  493  Barn Swallow  Hirundo rustica  9  9y 4m 21d
  495  White-throated Swallow  Hirundo albigularis  11  11y 1m 6d
  496  Wire-tailed Swallow  Hirundo smithii  9  9y 2m 7d
  497  Blue Swallow  Hirundo atrocaerulea  1  1y 9m 22d
  498  Pearl-breasted Swallow  Hirundo dimidiata  0  0y 9m 30d
  499  Grey-rumped Swallow  Pseudhirundo griseopyga  1  1y 0m 11d
  501  Red-breasted Swallow  Hirundo semirufa  5  5y 8m 19d
  502  Greater Striped Swallow  Hirundo cucullata  7  7y 6m 12d
  503  Lesser Striped Swallow  Hirundo abyssinica  5  5y 10m 28d
  504  South African Cliff-Swallow  Hirundo spilodera  8   8y 3m 11d
  506  Rock Martin  Hirundo fuligula  5  5y 0m 1d
  507  Common House-Martin  Delichon urbicum  5  5y 6m 20d
  508  Sand Martin  Riparia riparia  0  0y 4m 25d
  509  Brown-throated Martin  Riparia paludicola  5  5y 1m 3d
  510  Banded Martin  Riparia cincta  4  4y 0m 4d
  511  Black Saw-wing  Psalidoprocne holomelaena  4  4y 1m 21d
  512  Eastern Saw-wing  Psalidoprocne orientalis  1  1y 0m 19d
  513  Black Cuckooshrike  Campephaga flava  2  2y 11m 10d
  514  Ashy Tit  Parus cinerascens  5  5y 7m 25d
  517  Fork-tailed Drongo  Dicrurus adsimilis  12  12y 1m 18d
  518  Square-tailed Drongo  Dicrurus ludwigii  2  2y 0m 2d
  519  Eurasian Golden Oriole  Oriolus oriolus  0  0y 1m 7d
  520  African Golden Oriole  Oriolus auratus  2  2y 11m 0d
  521  Black-headed Oriole  Oriolus larvatus  5  5y 4m 5d
  522  Pied Crow  Corvus albus  9  9y 4m 13d
  523  Cape Crow  Corvus capensis  2  2y 11m 16d
  525  Grey Tit  Parus afer  1  1y 0m 2d
  526  Miombo Tit  Parus griseiventris  2  2y 7m 6d
  527  Southern Black Tit  Parus niger  10  10y 4m 12d
  528  Carp’s Tit  Parus carpi  4  4y 9m 2d
  531  Cape Penduline-Tit  Anthoscopus minutus  2  2y 9m 28d
  533  Arrow-marked Babbler  Turdoides jardineii  8  8y 3m 4d
  535  Hartlaub’s Babbler  Turdoides hartlaubii  4  4y 10m 10d
  536  Southern Pied Babbler  Turdoides bicolor  3  3y 9m 19d
  537  Bare-cheeked Babbler  Turdoides gymnogenys  3  3y 4m 17d
  540  Cape Rock-jumper  Chaetops frenatus  1  1y 1m 4d
  542  Bush Blackcap  Lioptilus nigricapillus  5  5y 2m 13d
  543  Cape Bulbul  Pycnonotus capensis  11  11y 4m 5d
  544  African Red-eyed Bulbul  Pycnonotus nigricans  12  12y 0m 6d
  545  Dark-capped Bulbul  Pycnonotus tricolor  14  14y 10m 15d
  546  Terrestrial Brownbul  Phyllastrephus terrestris  10  10y 8m 14d
  547  Yellow-streaked Greenbul  Phyllastrephus flavostriatus  16  16y 5m 1d
  548  Tiny Greenbul  Phyllastrephus debilis  0  0y 0m 2d
  549  Stripe-cheeked Greenbul  Andropadus milanjensis  17  17y 5m 16d
  550  Yellow-bellied Greenbul  Chlorocichla flaviventris  13  13y 7m 15d
  551  Sombre Greenbul  Andropadus importunus  12  12y 9m 12d
  552  Kurrichane Thrush  Turdus libonyanus  11  11y 9m 12d
  553  Olive Thrush (pre-split)  Turdus olivaceus1  16  16y 0m 28d
  556  Orange Ground-Thrush  Zoothera gurneyi  10  10y 6m 24d
  557  Groundscraper Thrush  Psophocichla litsipsirupa  8  8y 10m 21d
  558  Spotted Ground-Thrush  Zoothera guttata  3  3y 2m 13d
  559  Cape Rock-Thrush  Monticola rupestris  7  7y 4m 14d
  560  Sentinel Rock-Thrush  Monticola explorator  1  1y 0m 1d
  561  Short-toed Rock-Thrush  Monticola brevipes  7  7y 9m 7d
  564  Mountain Wheatear  Oenanthe monticola  9  9y 7m 18d
  566  Karoo Chat  Cercomela schlegelii  3  3y 4m 30d
  568  Capped Wheatear  Oenanthe pileata  1  1y 10m 12d
  569  Buff-streaked Chat  Oenanthe bifasciata  6  6y 1m 8d
  570  Familiar Chat  Cercomela familiaris  7  7y 0m 9d
  571  Tractrac Chat  Cercomela tractrac  2  2y 4m 6d
  572  Sickle-winged Chat  Cercomela sinuata  0  0y 0m 1d
  573  Mocking Cliff-Chat  Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris  4  4y 11m 19d
  575  Anteating Chat  Myrmecocichla formicivora  6  6y 7m 24d
  576  African Stonechat  Saxicola torquatus  7  7y 9m 1d
  577  Whinchat  Saxicola rubetra  1  1y 3m 27d
  578  Chorister Robin-Chat  Cossypha dichroa  10  10y 11m 28d
  579  Red-capped Robin-Chat  Cossypha natalensis  11  11y 11m 27d
  580  White-browed Robin-Chat  Cossypha heuglini  11  11y 9m 0d
  581  Cape Robin-Chat  Cossypha caffra  17  17y 5m 12d
  582  White-throated Robin-Chat  Cossypha humeralis  9  9y 8m 18d
  583  Karoo Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas coryphoeus  7  7y 1m 29d
  584  Brown Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas signata  9  9y 6m 23d
  585  Bearded Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas quadrivirgata  6  6y 7m 23d
  586  Kalahari Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas paena  5  5y 11m 22d
  588  White-browed Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas leucophrys  8  8y 5m 11d
  589  White-starred Robin  Pogonocichla stellata  9  9y 6m 18d
  591  East Coast Akalat  Sheppardia gunningi  0  0y 0m 1d
  592  Thrush Nightingale  Luscinia luscinia  3  3y 0m 18d
  593  Collared Palm-Thrush  Cichladusa arquata  5  5y 10m 1d
  594  Common Whitethroat  Sylvia communis  3  3y 10m 25d
  595  Garden Warbler  Sylvia borin  4  4y 11m 11d
  596  Icterine Warbler  Hippolais icterina  1  1y 7m 26d
  597  Olive-tree Warbler  Hippolais olivetorum  1  1y 3m 19d
  599  Willow Warbler  Phylloscopus trochilus  3  3y 2m 10d
  600  Yellow-bellied Eremomela  Eremomela icteropygialis  4  4y 3m 29d
  601  Burnt-necked Eremomela  Eremomela usticollis  2  2y 7m 11d
  602  Green-capped Eremomela  Eremomela scotops  1  1y 3m 13d
  603  Great Reed-Warbler  Acrocephalus arundinaceus  8  8y 1m 11d
  604  Lesser Swamp-Warbler  Acrocephalus gracilirostris  13  13y 1m 29d
  606  African Reed-Warbler  Acrocephalus baeticatus  12  12y 2m 15d
  607  Marsh Warbler  Acrocephalus palustris  5  5y 0m 21d
  608  Sedge Warbler  Acrocephalus schoenobaenus  4  4y 0m 2d
  609  Little Rush-Warbler  Bradypterus baboecala  10  10y 4m 27d
  610  Barratt’s Warbler  Bradypterus barratti  4  4y 0m 28d
  611  Knysna Warbler  Bradypterus sylvaticus  2  2y 4m 21d
  612  Victorin’s Warbler  Cryptillas victorini  3  3y 11m 12d
  614  Barred Wren-Warbler  Calamonastes fasciolatus  3  3y 2m 7d
  615  Stierling’s Wren-Warbler  Calamonastes stierlingi  0  0y 4m 13d
  616  Broad-tailed Warbler  Schoenicola brevirostris  0  0y 0m 2d
  617  Moustached Grass-Warbler  Melocichla mentalis  5  5y 3m 16d
  618  Cape Grassbird  Sphenoeacus afer  6  6y 1m 25d
  620  Red-winged Warbler  Heliolais erythropterus  1  1y 0m 5d
  621  Long-billed Crombec  Sylvietta rufescens  8  8y 0m 5d
  622  Bar-throated Apalis  Apalis thoracica  10  10y 1m 21d
  624  Rudd’s Apalis  Apalis ruddi  7  7y 3m 12d
  625  Yellow-breasted Apalis  Apalis flavida  10  10y 4m 20d
  627  Green-backed Camaroptera  Camaroptera brachyura  8  8y 7m 10d
  628  Grey-backed Camaroptera  Camaroptera brevicaudata  6  6y 5m 29d
  629  Zitting Cisticola  Cisticola juncidis  0  0y 11m 0d
  630  Desert Cisticola  Cisticola aridulus  1  1y 5m 4d
  631  Cloud Cisticola  Cisticola textrix  1  1y 3m 7d
  634  Wing-snapping Cisticola  Cisticola ayresii  0  0y 7m 17d
  635  Pale-crowned Cisticola  Cisticola cinnamomeus  1  1y 2m 1d
  636  Short-winged Cisticola  Cisticola brachypterus  4  4y 7m 9d
  637  Neddicky  Cisticola fulvicapilla  6  6y 11m 28d
  638  Grey-backed Cisticola  Cisticola subruficapilla  4  4y 9m 11d
  639  Wailing Cisticola  Cisticola lais  3  3y 6m 28d
  641  Tinkling Cisticola  Cisticola rufilatus  3  3y 1m 6d
  642  Rattling Cisticola  Cisticola chiniana  6  6y 0m 12d
  643  Singing Cisticola  Cisticola cantans  2  2y 2m 5d
  644  Red-faced Cisticola  Cisticola erythrops  7  7y 5m 6d
  646  Levaillant’s Cisticola  Cisticola tinniens  9  9y 2m 28d
  647  Croaking Cisticola  Cisticola natalensis  2  2y 9m 11d
  648  Lazy Cisticola  Cisticola aberrans  4  4y 4m 21d
  649  Tawny-flanked Prinia  Prinia subflava  10  10y 0m 14d
  650  Black-chested Prinia  Prinia flavicans  6  6y 5m 3d
  653  Namaqua Warbler  Phragmacia substriata  1  1y 10m 5d
  654  Spotted Flycatcher  Muscicapa striata  4  4y 8m 6d
  655  African Dusky Flycatcher  Muscicapa adusta  10  10y 6m 22d
  656  Ashy Flycatcher  Muscicapa caerulescens  5  5y 6m 23d
  657  Grey Tit-Flycatcher  Myioparus plumbeus  3  3y 10m 21d
  658  Chestnut-vented Tit-Babbler  Parisoma subcaeruleum  8  8y 1m 29d
  659  Layard’s Tit-Babbler  Parisoma layardi  4  4y 1m 11d
  661  Marico Flycatcher  Bradornis mariquensis  11  11y 11m 6d
  662  Pale Flycatcher  Bradornis pallidus  4  4y 9m 11d
  663  Chat Flycatcher  Bradornis infuscatus  5  5y 6m 10d
  664  Southern Black Flycatcher  Melaenornis pammelaina  9  9y 1m 5d
  665  Fiscal Flycatcher  Sigelus silens  11  11y 5m 1d
  666  Dark-capped Yellow Warbler  Chloropeta natalensis  9  9y 4m 2d
  671  Yellow-throated Woodland-Warbler  Phylloscopus ruficapilla  6  6y 6m 8d
  672  Cape Batis  Batis capensis  13  13y 1m 9d
  673  Chinspot Batis  Batis molitor  4  4y 11m 30d
  674  Pririt Batis  Batis pririt  5  5y 10m 18d
  675  Pale Batis  Batis soror  1  1y 6m 12d
  676  Woodward’s Batis  Batis fratrum  2  2y 3m 10d
  677  Black-throated Wattle-eye  Platysteira peltata  6  6y 6m 13d
  678  Fairy Flycatcher  Stenostira scita  2  2y 2m 13d
  680  Blue-mantled Crested-Flycatcher  Trochocercus cyanomelas  5  5y 11m 13d
  681  White-tailed Crested Flycatcher  Elminia albonotata  5  5y 9m 0d
  682  African Paradise-Flycatcher  Terpsiphone viridis  9  9y 3m 19d
  685  African Pied Wagtail  Motacilla aguimp  6  6y 1m 2d
  686  Cape Wagtail  Motacilla capensis  13  13y 0m 12d
  688  Mountain Wagtail  Motacilla clara  9  9y 1m 18d
  689  Yellow Wagtail  Motacilla flava  0  0y 10m 8d
  692  African Pipit  Anthus cinnamomeus  6  6y 1m 28d
  693  Long-billed Pipit  Anthus similis  0  0y 10m 11d
  694  Plain-backed Pipit  Anthus leucophrys  0  0y 8m 11d
  696  Striped Pipit  Anthus lineiventris  0  0y 6m 8d
  701  Yellow-breasted Pipit  Anthus chloris  0  0y 1m 4d
  703  Cape Longclaw  Macronyx capensis  3  3y 10m 1d
  704  Yellow-throated Longclaw  Macronyx croceus  0  0y 5m 9d
  706  Lesser Grey Shrike  Lanius minor  0  0y 0m 8d
  707  Common Fiscal  Lanius collaris  12  12y 7m 2d
  708  Red-backed Shrike  Lanius collurio  7  7y 6m 0d
  709  Southern Boubou  Laniarius ferrugineus  16  16y 0m 16d
  710  Swamp Boubou  Laniarius bicolor  2  2y 7m 23d
  711  Crimson-breasted Shrike  Laniarius atrococcineus  8  8y 2m 17d
  712  Black-backed Puffback  Dryoscopus cubla  8  8y 0m 21d
  713  Southern Tchagra  Tchagra tchagra  5  5y 0m 3d
  714  Brown-crowned Tchagra  Tchagra australis  7  7y 0m 19d
  715  Black-crowned Tchagra  Tchagra senegalus  3  3y 1m 29d
  716  Anchieta’s Tchagra  Antichromus anchietae  0  0y 11m 23d
  717  Olive Bush-Shrike  Telophorus olivaceus  9  9y 8m 24d
  719  Orange-breasted Bush-Shrike  Telophorus sulfureopectus  6  6y 11m 15d
  721  Gorgeous Bush-Shrike  Telophorus quadricolor  4  4y 4m 5d
  722  Bokmakierie  Telophorus zeylonus  8  8y 1m 16d
  723  Grey-headed Bush-Shrike  Malaconotus blanchoti  4  4y 0m 10d
  724  Magpie Shrike  Corvinella melanoleuca  2  2y 2m 23d
  725  Eastern Nicator  Nicator gularis  3  3y 9m 29d
  726  White-tailed Shrike  Lanioturdus torquatus  4  4y 10m 10d
  727  White-crested Helmet-Shrike  Prionops plumatus  5  5y 0m 29d
  730  Southern White-crowned Shrike  Eurocephalus anguitimens  6  6y 1m 25d
  731  Brubru  Nilaus afer  8  8y 6m 5d
  733  Common Starling  Sturnus vulgaris  7  7y 2m 9d
  734  Common Myna  Acridotheres tristis  9  9y 7m 9d
  735  Wattled Starling  Creatophora cinerea  8  8y 8m 13d
  736  Violet-backed Starling  Cinnyricinclus leucogaster  7  7y 1m 22d
  737  Cape Glossy Starling  Lamprotornis nitens  9  9y 4m 25d
  738  Greater Blue-eared Starling  Lamprotornis chalybaeus  4  4y 6m 25d
  739  Miombo Blue-eared Starling  Lamprotornis elisabeth  2  2y 0m 26d
  740  Black-bellied Starling  Lamprotornis corruscus  5  5y 7m 6d
  742  Meves’s Starling  Lamprotornis mevesii  10  10y 3m 8d
  743  Burchell’s Starling  Lamprotornis australis  9  9y 6m 3d
  744  Pale-winged Starling  Onychognathus nabouroup  11  11y 0m 29d
  745  Red-winged Starling  Onychognathus morio  18  18y 11m 26d
  746  Pied Starling  Spreo bicolor  8  8y 8m 13d
  748  Red-billed Oxpecker  Buphagus erythrorhynchus  5  5y 8m 22d
  749  Cape Sugarbird  Promerops cafer  14  14y 7m 14d
  750  Gurney’s Sugarbird  Promerops gurneyi  13  13y 0m 27d
  751  Malachite Sunbird  Nectarinia famosa  10  10y 0m 14d
  752  Bronzy Sunbird  Nectarinia kilimensis  9  9y 8m 29d
  753  Orange-breasted Sunbird  Anthobaphes violacea  11  11y 4m 5d
  754  Copper Sunbird  Cinnyris cupreus  6  6y 0m 15d
  755  Marico Sunbird  Cinnyris mariquensis  7  7y 9m 7d
  756  Purple-banded Sunbird  Cinnyris bifasciatus  7  7y 10m 24d
  758  Greater Double-collared Sunbird  Cinnyris afer  11  11y 1m 21d
  759  Miombo Double-collared Sunbird  Cinnyris manoensis  9  9y 1m 4d
  760  Southern Double-collared Sunbird  Cinnyris chalybeus  11  11y 10m 24d
  761  Neergaard’s Sunbird  Cinnyris neergaardi  0  0y 5m 13d
  762  Variable Sunbird  Cinnyris venustus  8  8y 3m 25d
  763  White-bellied Sunbird  Cinnyris talatala  13  13y 11m 28d
  764  Dusky Sunbird  Cinnyris fuscus  3  3y 0m 3d
  765  Grey Sunbird  Cyanomitra veroxii  5  5y 7m 2d
  766  Olive Sunbird  Cyanomitra olivacea  14  14y 10m 1d
  771  Collared Sunbird  Hedydipna collaris  10  10y 0m 8d
  772  Amethyst Sunbird  Chalcomitra amethystina  12  12y 0m 20d
  774  Scarlet-chested Sunbird  Chalcomitra senegalensis  9  9y 2m 11d
  775  Cape White-eye (pre-split)  Zosterops pallidus1  10  10y 7m 21d
  777  African Yellow White-eye  Zosterops senegalensis  8  8y 8m 25d
  779  Red-billed Buffalo-Weaver  Bubalornis niger  9  9y 9m 25d
  780  White-browed Sparrow-Weaver  Plocepasser mahali  11  11y 3m 18d
  783  Sociable Weaver  Philetairus socius  15  15y 3m 4d
  784  House Sparrow  Passer domesticus  12  12y 7m 24d
  785  Great Sparrow  Passer motitensis  7  7y 2m 8d
  786  Cape Sparrow  Passer melanurus  10  10y 11m 4d
  787  Greyheaded Sparrow (pre-split)  Passer diffusus1  9   9y 3m 0d
  788  Yellow-throated Petronia  Petronia superciliaris  8  8y 9m 8d
  789  Scaly-feathered Finch  Sporopipes squamifrons  5  5y 1m 19d
  790  Dark-backed Weaver  Ploceus bicolor  5  5y 2m 26d
  791  Spectacled Weaver  Ploceus ocularis  12  12y 7m 8d
  792  Lesser Masked-Weaver  Ploceus intermedius  9  9y 0m 10d
  793  Red-headed Weaver  Anaplectes rubriceps  9  9y 1m 14d
  796  Chestnut Weaver  Ploceus rubiginosus  3  3y 3m 1d
  797  Village Weaver  Ploceus cucullatus  13  13y 11m 8d
  799  Cape Weaver  Ploceus capensis  14 14y 11m 18d
  800  Yellow Weaver  Ploceus subaureus  12  12y 0m 0d
  801  Golden Weaver  Ploceus xanthops  10  10y 6m 24d
  802  Southern Brown-throated Weaver  Ploceus xanthopterus  12  12y 5m 16d
  803  Southern Masked-Weaver  Ploceus velatus  15  15y 4m 9d
  804  Thick-billed Weaver  Amblyospiza albifrons  21  21y 5m 23d
  805  Red-billed Quelea  Quelea quelea  7  7y 4m 2d
  806  Red-headed Quelea  Quelea erythrops  7  7y 9m 22d
  808  Southern Red Bishop  Euplectes orix  15  15y 2m 5d
  809  Black-winged Bishop  Euplectes hordeaceus  0  0y 10m 5d
  810  Yellow Bishop  Euplectes capensis  11  11y 0m 27d
  812  Yellow-crowned Bishop  Euplectes afer  5  5y 10m 10d
  813  Red-collared Widowbird  Euplectes ardens  8  8y 10m 29d
  814  White-winged Widowbird  Euplectes albonotatus  9  9y 11m 22d
  815  Yellow-mantled Widowbird  Euplectes macrourus  2  2y 2m 19d
  816  Fan-tailed Widowbird  Euplectes axillaris  14  14y 10m 6d
  818  Long-tailed Widowbird  Euplectes progne  1  1y 10m 4d
  820  Red-headed Finch  Amadina erythrocephala  8  8y 2m 17d
  821  Cut-throat Finch  Amadina fasciata  5  5y 7m 25d
  822  Magpie Mannikin  Spermestes fringilloides  5  5y 3m 20d
  823  Bronze Mannikin  Spermestes cucullatus  3  3y 8m 10d
  824  Red-backed Mannikin  Spermestes bicolor  4  4y 1m 28d
  825  Swee Waxbill  Coccopygia melanotis  3  3y 4m 29d
  826  Yellow-bellied Waxbill  Coccopygia quartinia  1  1y 4m 24d
  827  Green Twinspot  Mandingoa nitidula  0  0y 11m 25d
  828  Red-faced Crimsonwing  Cryptospiza reichenovii  4  4y 8m 9d
  829  Orange-winged Pytilia  Pytilia afra  0  0y 0m 4d
  830  Green-winged Pytilia  Pytilia melba  7  7y 10m 10d
  831  Pink-throated Twinspot  Hypargos margaritatus  5  5y 0m 0d
  832  Red-throated Twinspot  Hypargos niveoguttatus  4  4y 5m 29d
  833  African Firefinch  Lagonosticta rubricata  6  6y 1m 3d
  835  Jameson’s Firefinch  Lagonosticta rhodopareia  5  5y 0m 23d
  836  Brown Firefinch  Lagonosticta nitidula  2  2y 3m 26d
  837  Red-billed Firefinch  Lagonosticta senegala  5  5y 4m 11d
  838  Orange-breasted Waxbill  Amandava subflava  5  5y 1m 12d
  839  Blue Waxbill  Uraeginthus angolensis  12  12y 7m 27d
  840  Violet-eared Waxbill  Granatina granatina  7  7y 11m 15d
  841  Black-faced Waxbill  Estrilda erythronotos  5  5y 0m 17d
  842  Grey Waxbill  Estrilda perreini  1  1y 7m 21d
  843  Common Waxbill  Estrilda astrild  8  8y 8m 0d
  844  African Quailfinch  Ortygospiza atricollis  0  0y 2m 18d
  846  Pin-tailed Whydah  Vidua macroura  7  7y 10m 26d
  847  Shaft-tailed Whydah  Vidua regia  3  3y 3m 29d
  849  Dusky Indigobird  Vidua funerea  2  2y 4m 2d
  850  Purple Indigobird  Vidua purpurascens  5  5y 0m 17d
  851  Village Indigobird  Vidua chalybeata  6  6y 2m 18d
  852  Long-tailed Paradise-Whydah  Vidua paradisaea  7  7y 8m 17d
  854  Cuckoo Finch  Anomalospiza imberbis  2  2y 0m 8d
  855  Cape Siskin  Crithagra totta  3  3y 11m 24d
  856  Drakensberg Siskin  Crithagra symonsi  2  2y 10m 18d
  857  Cape Canary  Serinus canicollis  5  5y 0m 30d
  858  Forest Canary  Crithagra scotops  7  7y 10m 0d
  859  Yellow-fronted Canary  Crithagra mozambicus  10  10y 5m 17d
  860  Black-throated Canary  Crithagra atrogularis  10  10y 0m 16d
  861  Black-headed Canary  Serinus alario  0  0y 1m 19d
  863  Brimstone Canary  Crithagra sulphuratus  11  11y 7m 13d
  865  White-throated Canary  Crithagra albogularis  9  9y 4m 20d
  866  Yellow Canary  Crithagra flaviventris  7  7y 10m 9d
  867  Streaky-headed Seedeater  Crithagra gularis  9  9y 6m 8d
  869  Protea Seedeater  Crithagra leucopterus  1  1y 0m 0d
  871  Lark-like Bunting  Emberiza impetuani  4  4y 3m 14d
  872  Cinnamon-breasted Bunting  Emberiza tahapisi  5  5y 2m 19d
  873  Cape Bunting  Emberiza capensis  6  6y 11m 26d
  874  Golden-breasted Bunting  Emberiza flaviventris  8  8y 11m 8d
  875  Cabanis’s Bunting  Emberiza cabanisi  3  3y 0m 26d
  882  Manx Shearwater (pre-split)  Puffinus puffinus1  47
  910  Rufous-tailed Palm-Thrush  Cichladusa ruficauda  2  2y 0m 28d
  911  Eurasian Reed-Warbler  Acrocephalus scirpaceus  3  3y 10m 23d
  912  Greater Swamp-Warbler  Acrocephalus rufescens  0  0y 1m 10d
  913  Red-faced Crombec  Sylvietta whytii  2  2y 11m 12d
  915  Chirping Cisticola  Cisticola pipiens  3  3y 2m 2d
  921  Lemon-breasted Canary  Crithagra citrinipectus  1  1y 2m 21d
  949  Basra Reed-Warbler  Acrocephalus griseldis  7  7y 11m 7d
  973  African Citril  Serinus citrinelloides  2  2y 10m 26d
  977  Tropical Boubou  Laniarius aethiopicus  5  5y 10m 24d
  982  Slaty Egret  Egretta vinaceigula  0  –
  1015  Little Blue Heron  Egretta caerulea  0  –
  1037  Barlow’s Lark  Calendulauda barlowi  0  0y 11m 9d
  1049  Drakensberg Prinia  Prinia hypoxantha  4  4y 3m 28d
  1104  Karoo Thrush  Turdus smithi  9  9y 11m 13d
  1171  Orange River White-eye  Zosterops pallidus  5  5 years 9 months 1 day
  1172  Cape White-eye  Zosterops virens  10  10y 10m 9d
  1183  Eastern Clapper Lark  Mirafra fasciolata  1  1y 9m 5d
  3138  Luapula Cisticola  Cisticola luapula  1  1y 0m 1d
  3852  Northern Grey-headed Sparrow  Passer griseus  0  0y 0m 1d
  4127  Karoo Long-billed Lark  Certhilauda subcoronata  5  5y 0m 18d
  4138  Rufous-winged Cisticola  Cisticola galactotes  7  7y 2m 9d
  4139  Karoo Prinia  Prinia maculosa  8  8y 5m 27d
  4154  Bleating Warbler (pre-split)  Camaroptera brachyura  9  9y 1m 24d

 

References used in table:

Engelbrecht D. 2019. Happy 14th ringday to Mokgalaje the Shortclawed Lark. Lark 24:41.
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ, Ryan PG (eds). 2005. Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, 7th ed.  John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town.
Paijmans D. 2015a. Longevity of the southern African white-eyes (Zosterops sp.). Promerops 301:13.
Paijmans D. 2015b. Longevity of the Hartlaub’s Gull (Larus hartlaubii). Promerops 302:21.
Paijmans D. 2015c. New Safring Longevity Record For The White-Breasted Cormorant (Phalacrocorax lucidus). Bee-eater 66(2):26.
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